Python SDK

The Python SDK is a helper library for the mParticle Events HTTP API that exposes the mParticle schema as simple models and provides an HTTP client interface. This SDK is stateless and only sends the data that you populate, whereas our mobile SDKs automatically collect app and device information, session events, install events, and maintain persistence.

Though the SDK may work on earlier versions of Python, we officially support Python version 3.5 or higher.

Read this page for a general overview and examples, visit the Python SDK repo), and if needed, contact our customer support team to make sure you’re feeding the platform with the right data to power your integrations.

Model Overview


All data sent via the SDK must be encapsulated in a Batch object. Each Batch is associated with a single user. Batch objects must be associated with an environment (production or development) to properly silo your testing and production data.

import mparticle
batch = mparticle.Batch()
batch.environment = 'development'

User Identities

Most use-cases require that data be associated with a user identity, for example:

  • If you’re also sending data to mParticle via our mobile SDKs, set a customer ID both via the mobile SDKs and this SDK so that mParticle can correctly associate data with each user.
  • Several marketing automation and audience integrations are powered by email.
identities = mparticle.UserIdentities()
identities.customerid = '123456' = ''
batch.user_identities = identities

Device Information

The DeviceInformation object describes a mobile device that should be associated with this batch. Crucially, it exposes properties for device identities (Apple IDFA and Google Advertising ID) which are required for nearly all mParticle Audience integrations.

device_info = mparticle.DeviceInformation()
# set any IDs that you have for this user
device_info.ios_advertising_id = '07d2ebaa-e956-407e-a1e6-f05f871bf4e2'
device_info.android_advertising_id = 'a26f9736-c262-47ea-988b-0b0504cee874'
batch.device_info = device_info

User Attributes

The mParticle audience platform can be powered by only sending a combination of user attributes, used to describe segments of users, and device identities/user identities used to then target those users.

# arbitrary example allowing you to create a segment of users trial users
batch.user_attributes = {'Account type': 'trial', 'TrialEndDate':'2016-12-01'}


Events are central to many of mParticle’s integrations; analytics integrations typically require events, and you can create mParticle Audiences based on the recency and frequency of different events. All events should be associated with a timestamp reflecting when they actually occurred, otherwise they will be assigned a timestamp when mParticle receives them.


App Events represent specific actions that a user has taken in your app. At minimum they require a name and a type, but can also be associate with a free-form dictionary of key/value pairs.

app_event = mparticle.AppEvent('Example', 'navigation', custom_attributes={'foo':'bar'})
app_event.timestamp_unixtime_ms = example_timestamp = [app_event]


The CommerceEvent is central to mParticle’s eCommerce measurement. CommerceEvents can contain many data points but it’s important to understand that there are 3 core variations:

  • Product-based: Used to measure measured datapoints associated with one or more products
  • Promotion-base: Used to measure datapoints associated with internal promotions or campaigns
  • Impression-based: Used to measure interactions with impressions of products and product-listings

Custom attributes can be added to both products and commerce events using the custom_attributes property, which accepts a dictionary of key/value pairs of strings.

product = mparticle.Product() = 'Example Product' = 'sample-sku'
product.price = 19.99
product.custom_attributes = {'color': 'red', 'size': 'small'} # optional dictionary containing custom attributes for the product

product_action = mparticle.ProductAction('purchase')
product_action.products = [product]
product_action.tax_amount = 1.50
product_action.total_amount = 21.49

commerce_event = mparticle.CommerceEvent(product_action)
commerce_event.timestamp_unixtime_ms = example_timestamp
commerce_event.custom_attributes = {'sale': 'true'} # optional dictionary containing custom attributes for the commerce event = [commerce_event]

Session Events

The SessionStartEvent and SessionEndEvent should be used to describe the details of user session such as its length, which is a common metric used in many mParticle integrations. Additonally, length, recency, and frequency of sessions are powerful data-points by which an mParticle audience can be defined.

session_start = mparticle.SessionStartEvent()
session_start.session_id = 12345678
session_start.timestamp_unixtime_ms = example_timestamp

session_end = mparticle.SessionEndEvent()
session_end.session_id = session_start.session_id # its mandatory that these match
session_end.session_duration_ms = example_duration
session_end.timestamp_unixtime_ms = example_timestamp + example_duration = [session_start, session_end]

Application State Events

Use these events to represent the nuances of inter- and intra-session user-behavior with your app. Install events are crucial to power many attribution integrations and to judge the success of marketing campaigns.

install = mparticle.ApplicationStateTransitionEvent.create_install_event()
install.timestamp_unixtime_ms = example_timestamp

upgrade = mparticle.ApplicationStateTransitionEvent.create_upgrade_event()
upgrade.timestamp_unixtime_ms = example_timestamp

foreground = mparticle.ApplicationStateTransitionEvent.create_foreground_event()
foreground.timestamp_unixtime_ms = example_timestamp

background = mparticle.ApplicationStateTransitionEvent.create_background_event()
background.timestamp_unixtime_ms = example_timestamp

To conform to the ever growing global regulations on data privacy, mParticle provides Data Privacy Controls.

Data privacy is configured in the dashboard and is attached via a batch’s consent_state.


ccpa_consent_state = mparticle.CCPAConsentState()
ccpa_consent_state.document = 'document_agreement.v3'
ccpa_consent_state.consented = True
ccpa_consent_state.timestamp_unixtime_ms = time.time_ns() // 1000000
ccpa_consent_state.location = 'mparticle.test/signup'
ccpa_consent_state.hardware_id = 'IDFA:a5d96n32-224a-3b11-1088-a202695bc710'

consent_state = mparticle.ConsentState()
consent_state.ccpa = {'data_sale_opt_out': ccpa_consent_state}

batch.consent_state = consent_state


gdpr_consent_state = mparticle.GDPRConsentState()
gdpr_consent_state.document = 'document_agreement.v2'
gdpr_consent_state.consented = True
gdpr_consent_state.timestamp_unixtime_ms = time.time_ns() // 1000000
gdpr_consent_state.location = ''
gdpr_consent_state.hardware_id = 'IDFA:a5d934n0-232f-4afc-2e9a-3832d95zc702'

consent_state = mparticle.ConsentState()
consent_state.gdpr = {'My Purpose': gdpr_consent_state}

batch.consent_state = consent_state

In this example, 'My Purpose' should match the Consent Purpose defined in your GDPR Setting

HTTP Client Usage

The SDK provides an interface to the mParticle HTTP API by way of the EventsApi class.


At minimum, the EventsApi must be initialized with an mParticle key and secret. You can find your mParticle key and secret by navigating to the Apps section of the mParticle platform UI.

You must associate your data with the correct key and secret. If your app is multi-platform, for example, be sure to send your Android data to your Android key/secret, and your iOS data to your iOS key/secret.

configuration = mparticle.Configuration()
configuration.api_key = 'REPLACE WITH APP KEY'
configuration.api_secret = 'REPLACE WITH APP SECRET'
configuration.debug = True #enable logging of HTTP traffic

If your workspace is in a pod other than US1, make sure to set the host to the appropriate URL.

# Example for the EU1 pod, replace eu1 with the pod's name = ''

Finally, initialize the SDK with the configuration.

api_instance = mparticle.EventsApi(configuration)

Uploading Data

The EventsAPI class exposes two interfaces:

  • bulk_upload_events - Accepts up to 100 Batch objects for up to 100 users.
  • upload_events - Accepts a single Batch object for a single user
    # you can also send multiple batches at a time to decrease the amount of network calls
    #api_instance.bulk_upload_events([batch, batch])
except as e:
    print(f'Exception while calling mParticle: %{e}\n')

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